Xeomin® is a prescription medication used to effectively treat intramuscular conditions such as blepharospasm, or abnormal involuntary closing of the eyelid.
Xeomin is composed of botulinum toxin type A, a naturally occurring protein that is produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Xeomin is injected into the affected muscles in order to reduce their activity. Xeomin does not stop the muscle from moving entirely; instead, it modifies the contractions. This is achieved by inhibiting a body chemical called acetylcholine from signaling all of the nerves within the muscle to contract.
Conditions Treated With Xeomin
Patients with cervical dystonia respond very well to treatment with Xeomin. Cervical dystonia is a condition that results in neck pain and an abnormal head position caused by involuntary neck muscle contractions. Injections of Xeomin have been found to be successful in treating symptoms of this disorder.
Blepharospasm is a condition involving abnormal involuntary spasms of the eyelids. Injections of Xeomin administered into the muscles of the eyelid can help relieve spasms for many patients.
Treatment with Xeomin
The number of injections necessary will vary from patient to patient, depending upon how many muscles are affected and the severity of the condition. The results of a Xeomin treatment are usually evident after one week and last, on average, up to 12 weeks.
Risks of Xeomin Treatment
While an effective medication for muscle spasms, treatment with Xeomin carries certain risks. Whether they occur hours or weeks after treatment, the following symptoms may be life-threatening and require urgent medical attention:
- Difficulty speaking, swallowing or breathing
- Muscle weakness throughout the body
- Double vision
- Blurred vision
- Drooping eyelids
- Change in voice quality
- Problems with articulation
- Loss of bladder control